SharePoint Dragons

Nikander & Margriet on SharePoint

How about Documents and Metadata using SharePoint 2010?

What do I do with Metadata and Documents? Is it possible to inherit Metadata?  Do I use Folders or Document Sets? This blog post provides the answers to these questions.

Folders & Metadata

It is possible to set default Metadata for every folder in your Document Library. You can set defaults on all of the subfolders from the root, by default this will be inherited.

Follow the next steps to do this:

  1. First you have to create the folders  and columns you want.
  2. Go to the Document Library
  3. Go to Library Settings
  4. Click Column default value settings (General settings)
  5. Select the folder (left) where you want to set a default
  6. Select the column that you want to use
  7. Set the default value for the column > click OK


That’s all! If you upload a document in the folder where you have set a default Metadata value, this value will be automatically filled.

Note: More information about SharePoint 2010 Best Practices Folders can be found at

Document Sets & Metadata

If you have multiple documents that are part of a single project or tasks you can use a Document Set. With Document Sets you can group ,multiple documents and share the Metadata en versioning. In a Document Set you can pass Metadata from the Document Set to the documents in the Document Set.

Follow the next steps if you want to use Document Sets. First you have to enable Documents Sets in the site collection:

  1. Go to Site Actions
  2. Go to Site Settings
  3. Go to Site Collection Features
  4. Click Document Sets

Note: Take a look at the following page if you want more information about which feature you need to activate:

After activating the Documents Sets site collection feature you can use Documents Sets in your Document Libraries

  1. Create a Document Library
  2. Go to Library Settings
  3. Go to Advanced Settings
  4. Allow management of content types > click OK
  5. Go to Add from existing site content types
  6. Add Document Set > click OK
  7. Go the the Document Library
  8. Click Documents
  9. Click New Document Set


Via the Document Set Settings page you can select which column values from the Document Set  should be automatically synchronized to all documents in the Document Set.

  1. Go to the Document Library
  2. Go to Library Settings
  3. Click Document Set (Content Types)
  4. Click Document Set settings


If you upload a document (or multiple) into the Document Set you will notice that the column values are synchronized.

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